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Тренировочные задания ЕГЭ по английскому. Задания 12-18 на вопросы по тексту. Вариант 5

В этих тренировочных заданиях 12-18 ЕГЭ по английскому необходимо внимательно прочитать текст и, поняв его смысл, ответить на вопросы. Текст варианта посвящен подростку, отец которого, хирург в клинике, имеет непривычные, но, вероятно, правильные взгляды на медицину и здоровье.

Прочитайте текст и выполните задания A–G. В каждом задании запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа. 

What is the right way to treat your health?

If you knew that I was born into a doctor's family, you might think that I knew everything about how to be healthy. Maybe I do know quite a bit, but the advice I could give you would surprise you. Of course, it wouldn't be my advice, but a retelling of what my father taught me. He is a surgeon and certainly knows well what to do to avoid catching the disease. Medicine is a rigorous science, and if you follow its recommendations, you can live a long life. But, according to my father, not everything in medicine is what it seems.

To summarize my father's views on health, it can be said that over-care is only detrimental. And he always followed his beliefs. When I was sitting in a draught, my mother was afraid I would catch a cold. So Dad wouldn't let her close the window, saying that you can't get sick from a draught. If I did get sick, he wouldn't let me stay in bed for long and would send me outside to get some fresh air. Of course, Dad agreed with Mom that I should wash my hands before eating, but he didn't see the tragedy in picking an apple from a tree and eating it unwashed.

Mom, like Dad, believes in science, but her belief in it can be expressed by a desire to treat every illness with pills. When I got sick and had a fever, Mom always bought cough syrups, antipyretic pills and even antiviral medications at the pharmacy. Dad thought it was all a waste of money. On such occasions he would repeat a phrase I often heard from others: with pills a cold goes away in a week, but without pills in seven days. In his opinion, there is simply no cure for the common cold. When my mother objects, referring to the abundance of remedies in the pharmacy, my father says that this speaks only about the desire of pharmaceutical companies to enrich themselves at the expense of gullible patients. After all, they all, like my mother, believe that all diseases can be cured by pills.

Dad doesn't believe in the idea of a magic pill for all diseases at all. In his opinion, any truly effective medicine always has side effects. Moreover, the stronger the side effects, the more effective the medicine is in fighting the disease. For example, when Mom is nervous, she sometimes buys sedative pills. Dad looks at her with bewilderment. He says good sedative pills can cause drowsiness, tinnitus, and other side effects, so not everyone would like to take them. And what mom buys at the pharmacy without a prescription is completely useless. To calm down, it is much better to take sports or listen to relaxing music.

Apparently, this sober view of medicine helps my father in life. I have never seen him get sick or take medication. You would think he has no bad habits and goes to the gym five times a week. I want to disappoint you, because my dad smokes and doesn't exercise at all. I think he's quite aware that it's not the best way to live. And yet his true beliefs are somewhat different. He believes that all serious illnesses come from stress. If you don't worry, it's hard to get seriously ill. And my dad hardly worries. He works in a clinic, watches football in his spare time, and enjoys life.

He also says that illnesses, especially in children, are sometimes useful in a way. For example, if a child is brought up at home, he may seem perfectly healthy. But once he goes to kindergarten or school, he immediately comes down with a fever. It turns out that a child who has never been sick, turns out to be unfit for life. Therefore, in general, of course, diseases should be avoided, but there is no need to look at them as a disaster. Sometimes it is good for the body to get sick in order to become stronger. My father's views and lifestyle are not likely to be popular with parents who are raising children. But I think he has every right to say what he thinks. I think his personal experience as a doctor means more than popular health books.

A) What does the author say in paragraph 1?

1) Surgeons know better than other doctors how to be healthy.
2) The author knows everything about health. 
3) The author's recommendations for staying healthy can fail to live up to expectations.
4) Failure to follow medical advice always greatly shortens one's life.

B) Which statement best describes the family relationships of the author's parents?

1) They argue all the time.
2) Mom doesn't support Dad in anything. 
3) Dad sometimes does things that Mom doesn't agree with. 
4) Dad thinks Mom is wrong about everything.

C) What phrase might the author's father have said?

1) "Stop believing in the power of pills and wasting money."
2) "Pharmaceutical companies should be punished for cheating."
3) "Stupid gullible patients deserve to be profited from."
4) "Pharmacies should stop selling ineffective drugs."

D) What does the author's father think about medication?

1) It is impossible to cure diseases with drugs. 
2) It is possible to create a medicine without side effects, but so far there are none.
3) It is impossible to calm down with pills.
4) Any effective medicine always has drawbacks.

E) What is the best way to describe the author's father's attitude toward life?

1) Bad habits and lack of physical activity do not necessarily increase the risk of getting sick.
2) He understands that he is not leading a good life, but there is nothing he can do about it.
3) He would like to worry less, but it does not always work out.
4) He himself wonders why he never gets sick.

F) What does the author's father say about children's health?

1) It is better to avoid illness in every situation. 
2) In terms of health, it is always worse for a child to be in school or kindergarten than at home.
3) It is difficult for a child to be healthy at home and in a social environment at the same time. 
4) We should not be afraid of illness because sometimes it makes us healthier.

G) Which statement best describes the author's attitude toward his father?

1) He is sorry that his father cannot get his point across.
2) His father's views on health may seem unacceptable, but he does know better. 
3) Father could write a book about health if he wanted to.
4) Father doesn't want to share his views because people don't like them.



















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